Costa Rica is domestically referred to as Costa Rica and the kind of government it has is Republic.
The capital city of Costa Rica is San Jose and boasts a population of 1.5 million.
The Costa Rican flag is is made up of five horizontal bands of blue (top), white, red (double width), white, and blue, with the coat of arms in a white elliptical disk toward the hoist side of the red band; Costa Rica retained the earlier blue-white-blue flag of Central America until 1848 when, in response to revolutionary activity in Europe, it was decided to incorporate the French colors into the national flag and a central red stripe was added; today the blue color is said to stand for the sky, opportunity, and perseverance, white denotes peace, happiness, and wisdom, while red represents the blood shed for freedom, as well as the generosity and vibrancy of the people and is displayed above.
The National symbol of Costa Rica is clay-colored robin known as Yiguirro.
The National hymn of Costa Rica is ""Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" ("National Anthem of Costa Rica")" which was composed by Manuel María Gutiérrez.